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Vernacular Architecture: Towards A Sustainable ...

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In general, the countryside has become a place of cultural meaning to urban tourists [14]. The reuse of rural architectural heritage is a systematic regeneration process involving the transformation of individual lifestyle, the inheritance of regional culture, the innovation of social system, the sustainable development of the environment, and other issues. In this process, the owners should be encouraged to maintain the house by themselves and emphasize the professional optimization of architectural space from architects, also need to rely on the policy support of the local government. Therefore, designers should approach the connection and interaction between various systems in holistic thinking. Through field research and qualitative analysis, the author believes that the four aspects of livability, diversified development, place spirit, and sustainable reuse of vernacular architecture are the main problems to be solved in the vernacular architecture heritage (Table 1).

As a part of traditional villages, the sustainable development of vernacular architecture should interpret the existing environmental conditions based on respecting the authenticity of the local environment, and its rebirth should reflect the concept of advancing with the times while retaining the characteristics of the region and realizing the effective integration of local traditional culture and modern culture. The project design aims to create a harmonious relationship between people and land, and actively expands the value of old buildings through environmental reorganization and atmosphere creation, especially to meet the actual needs of users. Improving the quality of spiritual life on the premise of meeting the material needs of the villagers is the principle of the regeneration of vernacular architecture. Therefore, based on the practical experience of rural architecture design in recent years, the author conducts cross-border research based on architecture and environmental psychology and carries on research and design practice on actual projects around the design concepts of reuse, space empathy, and dialogue. Through the creation of space, create a healthy atmosphere for individuals so that could easily immerse themselves [16].

Liang Wang Bie Yuan project is a positive attempt to sustainable reuse of vernacular architecture, and its design inspiration comes from the artistic conception expression of traditional Chinese landscape painting. The architectural design and environment creation of the project are based on the ancient Chinese idea of the unity of man and nature, and the author tries to decode and encode the traditional cultural elements and convert them into the language of architectural design. The implementation of the project emphasizes the atmosphere creation of the architectural environment and the artistic expression of space. The core idea of the design is to rebuild the sustainable relationship between man and local culture, human and natural ecological environment, and between people.

The reconstruction of vernacular architecture is not simply related to the physical space, but much importance is about the positive relationship construction between people and the site. The implementation of this project fully respects the local customs, remodeling the original buildings through low-carbon construction methods and traditional construction techniques, creating a harmonious human-land relationship, and constructing a new paradigm for the sustainable development of vernacular architecture.

In China, the protection of vernacular architecture is often the technical restoration of the original environment by architects, and most of them stay in the field of architecture, which is not conducive to the sustainable development of vernacular architecture.

Finally, the focus of the research should be on the main body of the rural architectural environment, actively explore strategies for sustainable development of rural architecture, and have innovative applications to meet the complex needs of modern people. Enhance the well-being of local farmers and achieve an ideal situation of mutual benefit to stimulate the interest of relevant stakeholders. Effective interconnection with the help of vernacular architecture is conducive to the sustainable protection and healthy development of modern villages.

Bosman, G. & Pittaway, D. (2019). New perspectives towards social acceptability of earth-constructed buildings. International Journal of Architecture and Urban Studies. 4 (2) 77-84.Bosman, G. (2017) Ownership and care in culturally significant architecture: three case studies. Acta Structilia. 24 (1) pp.1-27

Vernacular Architecture in Kurdistan is a widely understudied subject. Whilst rapid development is taking place across the Kurdistan region of Iraq, the lack of a clear knowledge of local building traditions has led to the loss of locality and engineering adaptability of newly developed buildings. Advances in mass development in the Kurdistan region need to have clear signs of Kurdish cultural heritage alongside lasting and sustainable solutions. The study of mountain villages of rural Kurdistan will provide valuable information about sustainable building practices as well as cultural values in regional settlements. This in turn will be useful in finding more adoptable green choices in the region and identifying the characteristics of the evolved building engineering of these indigenous settlements. This paper will first describes the characteristics of the evolved engineering and sustainable adoptions of Kurdish historical building traditions through selected site visits to Kurdish vernacular settlements and then analyses the building customs of rural communities of Kurdistan for possible adoption in contemporary developments.

Vernacular architecture typifies a majority of constraints from places where it belongs, where the use of local materials and techniques is one of the key features. In comparison to industrially-produced materials, vernacular materials have low ecological effects, being an alternate for sustainable construction. The expanding utilization of new industrially-produced and standardized materials resulted in the homogenization of the several used construction approaches, and spawned a universal architecture that oftentimes has gone out of the environment context and it is very reliant on energy and other resources. Vernacular architecture predicated on bioclimatism concepts was developed and used through the ages by many civilizations around the world. Different civilizations have produced their own architectural styles predicated on the local conditions.

This paper addresses via an analytical study to indicate the relationship between vernacular architecture, locally sourced materials and structure by relating them with bioclimatic zones. To assess the contribution of these materials for sustainability, an evaluation with industrial materials at level of environmental indicators was established. This paper highlights the advantages of using local materials and techniques as a factor of local socio-economic development. Also, indicating different solar passive features that are available in Vernacular architecture, related to temperature control and promoting natural ventilation by using locally available materials in their construction. Through this methodology, this study will introduce a new approach Bioclimatism and Vernacular architecture as a pass for new sustainable structure.

Fernandes, J. E. P., Mateus, R., & Braganca, L. (2014). The potential of vernacular materials to the sustainable building design. In International Conference on Vernacular Heritage & Earthen Architecture (pp.623-629). Taylor & Francis.

The revised publication aims to regenerate interest in the traditional architecture found at the Asante Traditional Buildings World Heritage site and motivate students and researchers towards sustainable development. The edition was prepared by the Ghana Museums and Monuments Board (GMMB) and UNESCO National Office for Ghana with the support of the Embassy of France to Ghana.

New research has demonstrated that sustainable aspects were inherent in Danish preindustrial vernacular architecture. As a logical consequence of this knowledge and with the growing focus on sustainability, this paper investigates sustainability as a preservation value for the purpose of increasing sustainability in Danish architectural conservation. To achieve this objective, the paper presents a so-called thought experiment carried out as a critical case study in order to explore if and to what extent sustainable values are already part of architectural conservation. First, the theoretical base of adding sustainability as a preservation value and the analytical model is established. Next, the case study is carried out and then sustainability as a preservation value is discussed. Lastly, the paper outlines a number of recommendations for promoting sustainability in architectural conservation, including sustainability as a preservation value.

EconPapers FAQ Archive maintainers FAQ Cookies at EconPapers Format for printing The RePEc blog The RePEc plagiarism page Towards Sustainable Residential Buildings in Hot Arid Climates: Learning from Traditional Architecture of the Souf Region (Algeria)Asma Femmam (Obfuscate( '', 'asma.femmam' )) and Leila Sriti (Obfuscate( '', 'l.sriti' ))Additional contact information Asma Femmam: Laboratory of design and modelling of architectural ambiances and urban forms (LACOMOFA), Department of Architecture, Mohamed Khider University of Biskra, BP 145 RP, Biskra, 07000, AlgeriaLeila Sriti: Laboratory of design and modelling of architectural ambiances and urban forms (LACOMOFA), Department of Architecture, Mohamed Khider University of Biskra, BP 145 RP, Biskra, 07000, AlgeriaTechHub Journal, 2022, vol. 37, issue 1, 683-700Abstract:In southern Algeria, the local traditional settlements have been generated as a response to material, spiritual and cultural needs of people, whilst, they have also succeeded to respond to one of the harshest climates on the planet. In this respect, the vernacular dwelling of the Souf region provides a very instructive example of what is now called sustainable architecture. Furthermore, the traditional architecture of the Souf embodies ingenious cooling design strategies relevant to occupant behaviour, environment adaptation, techniques and local materials that can offer great opportunities to overcome the desert climate conditions regarding the contemporary buildings. The present research addresses the issue by performing a qualitative analysis on two case studies that were selected to represent respectively typical traditional dwellings and common contemporary residential buildings. Based on in-field collected data, the selected examples were analysed in order to assess and compare their thermal performance and climatic adaptability. The sustainable passive design features used in the traditional dwelling were specified, evaluated and then the potential to use them as design alternatives at the early architectural design stage of contemporary housing projects was explored. Finally, a set of recommendations that illustrates the convenient passives strategies is provided for application in hot arid climates.Keywords: Traditional architecture; Sustainability; Climatic responsive design; Passive cooling strategies; Hot dry climate (search for similar items in EconPapers)Date: 2022References: View complete reference list from CitEc Citations: Track citations by RSS feedDownloads: (external link) (application/pdf) (text/html)Related works:This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/TextPersistent link: :thr:techub:10037:y:2022:i:1:p:683-700DOI: 10.47577/tssj.v37i1.7724Access Statistics for this articleTechHub Journal is currently edited by Ilea AndreeaMore articles in TechHub Journal from TechHub ResearchBibliographic data for series maintained by Ilea Andreea (Obfuscate( '', 'ilidea75' )). var addthis_config = "data_track_clickback":true; var addthis_share = url:" :thr:techub:10037:y:2022:i:1:p:683-700"Share This site is part of RePEc and all the data displayed here is part of the RePEc data set. Is your work missing from RePEc Here is how to contribute. Questions or problems Check the EconPapers FAQ or send mail to Obfuscate( '', 'econpapers' ). EconPapers is hosted by the Örebro University School of Business. 59ce067264


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